From Buddhism and Science by Donald S. Lopez: The more important event of 1937, however, occurred not in Hitler’s Germany but in Taixu’s China, when Japanese forces invaded on July 7. Beijing fell three weeks later. It appears likely that it was this event, more than any particular attraction to Nazi ideology, that motivated Taixu’s letter, written two months after the Japanese invasion had begun. Taixu opens the letter with an appeal to the term Aryan, a term central to both Buddhism and Nazism. He next declares that Europe has science but it does not have religion, or, at least, it does not have the right religion. Europe requires a religion that is compatible with science, a scientific religion, and that religion is Buddhism. Furthermore, the most appropriate Europeans to adopt Buddhism are the Germans. The Aryan people are naturally suited to the Aryan religion. The purpose of this conversion, or perhaps return, however, is not simply to restore the natural order. The Indians and Chinese (and it is noteworthy that he does not mention the Japanese), custodians of Buddhism for centuries, are constitutionally incapable of fully appreciating it. The solution, then, was for Europe to convert to Buddhism and then missionize Asia. Taixu’s bizarre dream, or so it seems, was for European Buddhist missionaries to proselytize the elites of China and India. He, an Asian Buddhist, would spread the dharma in Europe (or at least answer Hitler’s questions) in order that German Buddhists could spread the dharma among Asians.