© Copyright Peter Crawford 2016The Ahnenerbe was a scientific institute in the Third Reich dedicated to research the archaeological and cultural history of the Aryan Race. Founded on July 1, 1935, by Heinrich Himmler, Herman Wirth, and Richard Walther Darré, the Ahnenerbe later conducted experiments and launched expeditions in an attempt to prove that Aryan Nordic populations had once ruled the world. Its name came from an obscure German word, 'Ahnenerbe', meaning "inherited from the forefathers." The official mission of the Ahnenerbe was to find new evidence of the racial superiority of the Germanic people through historical, anthropological, and archaeological research. Formally, the group was called the Studiengesellschaft für Geistesurgeschichte‚ Deutsches Ahnenerbe - 'Study Society for Primordial Intellectual history, German Ancestral Heritage', but it was renamed in 1937 as the Forschungs- und Lehrgemeinschaft das Ahnenerbe - (Research and Teaching Community of the Ancestral Heritage). Many of their interests extended beyond science into occultism. Hermann WirthRichard Walter DarréThis led to German scientists travelling around the world in search of Atlantis and the Holy Grail, and it is reported that the Ahnenerbe sought "portals" to God. Growing out of the Ahnenerbe-SS, the Thule Gesellschaft and the general Nazi interest in the occult, was 'Karotechia' (see below) - a secret organization dedicated to the research and use of occult forces for the Third Reich. Hermann Wirth (see left) was a Dutch historian obsessed with Atlantean mythology, and Richard Walter Darré (see right) was the creator of National Socialist 'Blut und Boden' (blood and soil) ideology, and was head of the Race and Settlement Office). BLUT UND BODEN Blut und Boden refers to an ideology that focuses on ethnicity based on two factors, descent (Blood of a Volk) and Heimat (Homeland - Soil). It celebrates the relationship of a people to the land they occupy and cultivate, and it places a high value on the virtues of rural living. The German expression was coined in the late 19th century, in tracts espousing racialism and national romanticism. It produced a regionalist literature, with some social criticism. This romantic attachment was widespread prior to the rise of National Socialism. Ultranationalists, predating National Socialism, often supported 'country living' as more healthy, with the 'Artaman League' sending urban children to the countryside to work in part in hopes of transforming them into 'Wehrbaueren' (Soldier-farmers). © Copyright Peter Crawford 2016Richard Walther Darré popularized the phrase at the time of the rise of National Socialism in Germany; he wrote a book called 'Neuadel aus Blut und Boden' (A New Aristocracy Based On Blood And Soil) in 1930, which proposed a systemic eugenics program, arguing for breeding as a cure-all for all the problems plaguing the state. Darré was an influential member of the National Socialist party, and a noted race theorist who assisted the party greatly in gaining support among common Germans outside the cities. Prior to their ascension to power, the National Socialists called for a return from the cities to the countryside. This agrarian sentiment allowed opposition to both the middle class and the aristocracy, and presented the farmer as a superior figure beside the moral swamp of the city. Zurück in das LandThe doctrine not only called for a "back to the land" approach and re-adoption of rural values; it held that German land was bound, perhaps mystically, to German blood. Peasants were the Völkisch cultural heroes, who held charge of German racial stock and German history -- as when a memorial of a medieval peasant uprising was the occasion for a speech by Darré praising them as force and purifier of German history. This would also lead them to understand the natural order better, and in the end, only the man who worked the land really possessed it. It contributed to the National Socialist ideal of a woman: a sturdy peasant, who worked the land and bore strong children, contributing to praise for athletic women tanned by outdoor work. That country women gave birth to more children than city ones also was a factor in the support. It was also argued that a people would develop laws appropriate to its "blood and soil" because authenticity required loyalty to the Volk over abstract universals. The SS and the Ahnenerbe, under Heinrich Himmler, in general supported and encouraged the 'Blut und Boden' ideology. © Copyright Peter Crawford 2016ORIGINS of the AHNENERBE There is some evidence that the Ahnenerbe existed as early as 1928, when Wirth established the "Hermann Wirth Society" for teaching and spreading his theories. Another candidate for precursor of the Ahnenerbe was a research institute for "spiritual prehistory" created by the German state of Mecklenburg in 1932, when the state was governed by the NSDAP. Formally, the group was called 'Studiengesellschaft für Geistesurgeschichte‚ Deutsches Ahnenerbe e.V.' ("Study society for primordial intellectual history, German Ancestral Heritage, registered society"), and was renamed in 1937, as 'Forschungs- und Lehrgemeinschaft das Ahnenerbe e.V.' ("Research and Teaching Community the Ancestral Heritage, registered society"). The emblem chosen for the Ahnenerbe was the 'Irminsul' (see left below). Irmin was an aspect, Avatar or epithet of Wodan (Odin). Irmin might also have been an epithet of the god Ziu (Tyr) in early Germanic times, only later transferred to Odin. The Old Norse form of Irmin is Jörmunr, which just like Yggr was one of the names of Odin. © Copyright Peter Crawford 2016Yggdrasil ("Yggr's horse") was the yew or ash tree from which Odin sacrificed himself, and which connected the nine worlds. Jakob Grimm connects the name Irmin with Old Norse terms like iörmungrund ("great ground", i.e. the Earth) or iörmungandr ("great snake", i.e. the Midgard serpent). It is thus often conjectured that the Irminsul was a 'World Tree', the equivalent of 'Yggdrasil' among the Saxon tribes of Germany. The linguistic connection between Irmin- and iörmun/jörmun- is generally accepted, but the terms simply mean "great/mighty" or "rising high". It is easy to see how "The great one" or "The exalted one" could become a by-name of Odin, and become known as "great pillar" instead of "Irmin's pillar" or "Odin's pillar". The Ahnenerbe was created as a registered club as a private and non-profit organization. Funding for the Ahnenerbe primarily came through Darré and his position within the German Ministry of Agriculture, but this association ended around 1936, leaving Himmler in total control of the Ahnenerbe. The Ahnenerbe was not incorporated into the SS until April 1940, though even before this, all but one member of the academic staff of the Ahnenerbe were at least honorary members of the SS, and many held significant rank. Wolfram Sievers was Reichsgeschäftsführer, or Reich Manager, of the Ahnenerbe from 1935, and held the rank of SS-Obersturmführer since 1937, rising to the rank of SS-Standartenführer by the end of the war. There was an obvious link between the SS and the Ahnenerbe long before it became official in 1940. Sievers & Wüst Wolfram SieversWolfram Sievers (see right) was appointed Reichsgeschäftsführer, or General Secretary, of the Ahnenerbe, by Himmler. Sievers was born in 1905 in Hildesheim in the Province of Hanover (now in Lower Saxony), the son of a Protestant church musician. It is reported that he was musically gifted, that he played the harpsichord, organ, and piano, and loved German baroque music. ExternsteineHe was expelled from school for being active in the Deutschvölkischer Schutz und Trutzbund, and went on to study history, philosophy, and religious studies at Stuttgart's Technical University. A member of the Bündische Jugend, (Youth League) he became active in the Artamanen-Gesellschaft ("Artaman League"), a nationalist 'back-to-the-land' movement. Sievers joined the NSDAP in 1929. In 1933 he headed the Externsteine-Stiftung ("Externsteine Foundation"), which had been founded by Heinrich Himmler to study the Externsteine in the Teutoburger Wald. In 1935, having joined the SS that year, Sievers was appointed Reichsgeschäftsführer, or General Secretary, of the Ahnenerbe, by Himmler. He was the actual director of Ahnenerbe operations, and was to rise to the rank of SS-Standartenführer by the end of the war. Dr. Walther WüstOn February 1 of that year, Dr. Walther Wüst (see left) was appointed the president of the Ahnenerbe. Wüst was an expert on India and a dean at Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich, working on the side as a Vertrauensmann for the SS Security Service. Referred to as “The Orientalist” by Sievers, Wüst had been recruited by him in May 1936 because of his ability to simplify science for the common man. After being appointed president, Wüst began improving the Ahnenerbe: moving the office to a new headquarters that had cost 300,000 Reichsmark, in the Dahlem neighborhood of Berlin. Karl Maria WiligutHe also worked to limit the influence of “those he deemed scholarly upstarts,” which included cutting communication with the RuSHA office of Karl Maria Wiligut (see left). The organization was incorporated into the larger SS in January 1939. The Ahnenerbe had several different institutions or sections for its departments of research. Most of these were archeological but others included the Pflegestätte für Wetterkunde (Meteorology Section) headed by Obersturmführer Dr. Hans Robert Scultetus, founded on the basis that Hans Hörbiger's "Welteislehre" could be used to provide accurate long-range weather forecasts, and a section devoted to musicology, whose aim was to determine "the essence" of German music. It recorded folk music in expeditions to Finland and the Faroe Islands, from ethnic Germans of the occupied territories, and in South Tyrol. The section made sound recordings, transcribed manuscripts and songbooks, and photographed and filmed instrument use and folk dances. The lur, a Bronze Age musical instrument, became central to this research, which concluded that Germanic consonance was in direct conflict to Jewish atonalism. The Ahnenerbe was part of Himmler's greater plan for the systematic creation of a "Germanic" culture that would replace Christianity in the Greater Germany to exist after the war, a kind of SS-religion that would form the basis of the new world order. This new culture would be based on the völkisch beliefs of the NSDAP, and it was the role of the Ahnenerbe to marshal scientific research in an interdisciplinary program to support the "development of the Germanic heritage". Management & Finance of the Ahnenerbe Himmler himself served as the "chairman of the Kuratorium" of the Ahnenerbe, and held the real power within the Ahnenerbe. As Reich Manager of the Ahnenerbe, Wolfram Sievers was responsible for all administrative tasks, with day-to-day business matters handled by the deputy "Kurator" Dr. Herrman Reischle. Professor Walter Wüst joined the Ahnenerbe in 1937 and, as trustee and "Kurator" of the organization, replaced Hermann Wirth as its intellectual leader. Wüst had been dean of the University of Munich, and his presence brought a number of reputable academics into the Ahnenerbe. The Ahnenerbe was funded by the Ahnenerbe-Stiftung, the German Forschungsgemeinschaft, member fees, and "from funds of the Reich and from contributions of industry" (including a group of financiers called the Circle of Friends led by Wilhelm Keppler). The budget of the Ahnenerbe was as much as over one million German marks (400,000 American dollars). Besides financial support, enlistment in the Ahnenerbe was attractive as it placed scholars in the academic elite of Nazi Germany, gaining them the patronage of the Reichsführer-SS himself. A central function of the Ahnenerbe was the publication of materials as part of the effort to investigate and "revive" Germanic traditions. Before the war, the Ahnenerbe set up its own publishing house in the academic suburb Berlin-Dahlem, and went on to produce a monthly magazine ('Germanien'), two journals on genealogy ('Zeitschrift für Namenforschung' and 'Das Sippenzeichen'), and countless monographs. The Ahnenerbe had fifty different research branches, named "Institutes", which carried out more than one hundred extensive research projects. Some of the institutes, particularly those responsible for Tibetan research and archaeological expeditions, could be quite large, but most made do with less than a dozen personnel. Linguistic study was at the forefront of Ahnenerbe activity, and the Ahnenerbe was the first institute to be established to specialize in the study of Norse runes (the symbol of the Ahnenerbe was the life rune). This institute was under the command of Hermann Wirth (see left) until he left the Ahnenerbe in 1937. In 1936, Wirth's successor, Professor Wüst, headed up another institute for broader research in linguistics, where great attention was paid to Sanskrit (Wüst's area-of-expertise) and the connection of the language to the Aryans. Runes are equivalent to the Roman, Greek, Cyrillic, or Hebrew alphabets. But they are much more than an alphabet. “Rune” means “secret”, “mystery”, or “hidden”, and is related to the German raunen, meaning “to whisper”, and the Irish run, meaning “a secret.” The Ahnenerbe had an Institute to study the Eddas (considered by Himmler a sacred text) and Iceland itself (see right), which the Ahnenerbe considered something of a holy land, like Tibet. Based on the ariosophical beliefs like those that gave rise to the Thule Gesellschaft, the Ahnenerbe saw Iceland as the last surviving connection with Thule, the mystical homeland of the pure Germanic race of prehistory. The Eddas contained secret knowledge for the Ahnenerbe, keys by which they could unlock their ancestral heritage. Besides study of the Eddas, the Ahnenerbe also wanted to study Icelandic artefacts, and, as they had in Tibet, perform "the recording of human images", using calipers to measure facial dimensions based on ethnological science. The Ahnenerbe succeeded in sending a mission to Iceland in 1938. On orders from Himmler himself, the expedition was to search for a hof, a place of worship of Norse gods such as Thor and Odin. Hans HörbigerThe Ahnenerbe also had a department to research the 'Welteislehre' (World Ice Theory) of Hans Hörbiger (see right), under the command of Dr. Hans Robert Scultetus. This theory was based on the Blavatsky thesis that there had been several moons in the past, that the approach of these moons results in a polar shift and a cataclysmic Ice Age, which are responsible for the fall and rise of the various root-races of Theosophy. According to the theory, the world itself was created when a giant chunk of ice collided with the sun. 'Welteislehre' Hörbiger died in 1931, but his theory was adopted by some Theosophists, who used it to prove the existence of Andean civilization with parallels to Atlantis and Thule (this may have been part of the reason behind Ahnenerbe expeditions to South America), and by Himmler and the Ahnenerbe, as "our Nordic ancestors grew strong amidst the ice and snow, and this is why a belief in a world of ice is the natural heritage of Nordic men". The Ahnenerbe were most concerned with practical applications of the 'World Ice Theory' focused on meteorology, vital to military operations. Scultetus sent Edmund Kiß, a German playwright well-known for his novels on Atlantis, to Abyssinia to find evidence to support the 'World Ice Theory'. German rocketry may have even been delayed because of fears based on Hörbiger's theory that a rocket released into space would initiate a global catastrophe. Archaeology The Institut für Germanistik Archäologie - (Institute for Germanic Archaeology) was created in 1938. Himmler saw the potential of archaeology as a political tool. He needed archaeology to provide an identity for the SS, but Himmler also believed that archaeology had a certain religious content. ExternsteineThere were excavations; there were myths and legends, a feeling of superiority. He believed by drawing on the power of prehistory one would achieve success in the present day. Archaeological excavations were conducted in Germany at Paderborn, Detmold, Haithabu, and at Externsteine (see left). Haithabu, which is still recognized by archaeologists as an important site for medieval Norse artifacts, is in an area of northern Germany near the Danish border, and is very close to Detmold and Externsteine, the site of a much-reputed Aryan temple and which some legends connected with Yggdrasil, the "World-Ash" (see right) of Norse mythology. Externsteine is also close to Paderborn and Wewelsburg, and the entire sites compromised for the Ahnenerbe a mythological heartland where the Saxons resisted the Romans and their heirs, the Franks of Charlemagne. The area was also sympathetic to the ideology of the Ahnenerbe, as Detmold was one of the first German states to elect an NSDAP government, and Paderborn and Wewelsburg were strongholds of Prussian beliefs. During the war, archaeological expeditions were sent to Bulgaria, Croatia, Greece, Poland, and Rumania with the collaboration of local authorities. The Ahnenerbe also conducted similar operations in occupied Russia and North Africa. They were also very active in the Far East, mostly in Tibet (see below), but the Ahnenerbe did send an expedition to Kafiristan. __________________________________________ Himmler deployed Special Unit H to discover any traces of old Germanic magic that survived the witch-hunts, while Archive Department 7 administered book stocks, archived the confiscated materials, and then assessed their value. Special Unit H would eventually aquire more than 140,000 books on the subject of the occult from libraries across Europe, and among the manuscripts they found was a copy of von Juntzt´s 'Unaussprechlichen Kulten' and a version of the 'Necronomicon' written in ancient Gothic. These books told of a race much older than mankind: the 'Ancient Ones'. The Geheimnisvolle Korps (Occult Corps) was soon established as the Paranormal Division of SS-Hauptsturmführer Wolfram Sievers' Ancestral Inheritence Office (Ahnenerbe). Vril EmblemOTO LamenThe Occult Corps incorporated into one organization the Thule Society, the Vril Society and the German branch of Crowley's OTO. Despite her Slavic blood, Madame Helena Blavatsky's granddaughter Marianna Blavatsky was then recruited. (Allegedly the Ahnernerbe traced the Blavatsky roots back to the Rhos - Scandanavian Vikings that had come into contact with the Slavs in 860 A.D.) From Archive Department 7's stolen texts Marianna learned that violence begot a form of orgone energy which, if properly seized, could be forged into magical effects. Henri BergsonWilhelm ReichOrgone energy is a hypothetical universal life force originally proposed in the 1930s by Wilhelm Reich. In its final conception, Orgone was conceived as the anti-entropic principle of the universe, a creative substratum in all of nature comparable to the Odic force of Carl Reichenbach and Henri Bergson's élan vital. Orgone was seen as a massless, omnipresent substance, similar to luminiferous aether, but more closely associated with living energy than inert matter. It could coalesce to create organization on all scales, from the smallest microscopic units - called bions - to macroscopic structures like organisms, clouds, or even galaxies. Many died to help Marianna and her Meta-Psychic Operatives in the Bio-Energy/Psi-Enhancement Division better understand and control the new "blood magic" they had discovered. Now under the direction of the 'SS Paranormal Division', Special Unit H continued to comb German-occupied territories in search of more arcane knowledge and magical artifacts. Archaeological expeditions were sent to the bottom of the Baltic Sea hoping to find some lost artifacts or magical items of Ultima Thule. The Spear of Destiny, the weapon that was allegedly used to pierce the side of Jesus while he was nailed to the cross, was brought from Vienna in 1938, but early attempts to recover the Ark of the Covenant in 1936 and the Holy Grail in 1938, however, were less successful. The original base of operations for the Occult Corps was the Wewelsburg in Westphalia, which Himmler bought as a ruin and rebuilt over the next 11 years at a cost of 13 million marks. The central banqueting hall contained a vast round table with throne-like seats to accommodate Himmler and 12 of his favorite officers, making his modern-day "Order of the Black Knights" - a covenant of 13. Beneath the Wewelsburg was the Halle der Toten (Hall of the Dead), where plinths stood around a stone table and the covenant could practice their occult magic in secret.© Copyright Peter Crawford 2016 The roots of the Karotechia are deep and varied. When the unit was officially created within the Ahnenerbe in 1939, it drew its members from within the Ahnenerbe, the disbanded Thule Gesellschaft, and a little known section of Archive Department VII of the Reichssicherheitshauptamt (RSHA, Reich Security Central Office) called Sonderkommando-H. Created in 1935 under direct orders from Heinrich Himmler, Sonderkommando-H (for Hexen, German for witches) collected records of the Catholic Inquisition against witchcraft from libraries in Germany and Austria. These records were collated into the Hexenkartothek, a catalog of over 33,000 index cards, each providing the details of a victim of the witch trials. While most of the Hexenkartothek concentrated on witch trials in Germany, Sonderkommando-H researched cases from as far away as India and Mexico. The research of Sonderkommando-H was meant to provide propaganda that would justify an SS crackdown on the Catholic Church, as well as discover the ancient Germanic religion that Himmler believed had been eradicated by the Inquisition. The SS officers that collected the Hexenkartothek came to informally refer to themselves as the "Kartothekia," and what they discovered were arcane formulae and necromantic rituals. Enough was learned by Sonderkommando-H to create what some one hundred and fifty known witches, warlocks, and alchemists termed "the resuscitating of ye vital saylts." This formula, it has been claimed, was first successfully put to effect by SS-Hauptscharführer Dieter Scheel when his team resurrected 17th century sorceror Jurgen Tess. It was this incident that created a new department within the Ahnenerbe to exploit the occult in service to the Reich: the Karotechia (Card filers). Occult research had been conducted by various arms of the SS for quite some time before the creation of the Karotechia. In the Ahnenerbe, the Abteilung zur Überprüfung der Sogenannten Geheimwissenschaften (literally, Department for the Examination of Secret Sciences) had analysed the occult since 1933. Also since 1933, Karl Maria Wiligut and his 'Department for Pre and Early History' had been Himmler's premier occultist, a position that was undermined soon after the creation of the Karotechia. Thule Gesellschaft © Copyright Peter Crawford 2016Suitable members of these organizations were drawn to the Karotechia, as were former members of the Thule Gesellschaft and scholars from regimes allied to Germany and occupied countries. More so than any other group researching the paranormal for their government during the Second World War, the Karotechia sought to exploit the occult to its fullest. With the full backing of the SS and the Third Reich, they searched the libraries and museums of Europe for arcane power. No avenue of study was left unexplored. The Karotechia was shielded from inquiry within and without by direct patronage of Himmler, who passed certain information on to Hitler. Members of the Karotechia were known by their initials in SS documents, and by their rune-names in internal correspondence, the names given upon induction into the unit. 'Necronomicon' ('Al Azif') Sonnenrad and Runes © Copyright Peter Crawford 2014They were identified by the Sonnenrad runes worn on the lapels of their black Allgemeine-SS uniforms. This insignia and the men that wore it were equally feared and respected throughout the SS. The Karotechia never had a central headquarters, as each project maintained its own base of operations, reporting directly to Himmler. When the Karotechia was required to perform some ancient Germanic ritual for Himmler, they were called to the SS-order castle at Wewelsburg. 'Necronomicon' ('Al Azif') However, the isolation and provincial boredom of the place meant that the Karotechia officers preferred to conduct their operations elsewhere. This also allowed them to operate with great independence. Never as successful as their reputation belied, the Karotechia did score a number impressive victories during the war. In particular was the discovery of a Gothic version of the supposedly fictitious 'Necronomicon' ('Al Azif') in the Bibliothèque Nationale de France, in Paris, in the spring of 1944, which opened up several new projects to exploit its potential. Burg HohnsteinMost of these projects ended in failure, causing great destruction, such as the incident at Burg Hohnstein near Nordhausen (often erroneously refered to as Naudabaum) in early 1945, where seven Karotechia officers and seventy-three support personnel were killed, and the castle destroyed during an abortive attempt to summon an extraterrestrial being called Azathoth. Burg Hohnstein is a one of the largest and best-preserved castle ruins in Germany and is located near Neustadt in the vicinity of Nordhausen in Thuringia. The castle is located on a high, rocky spur which today is covered in woods, about 1 km northeast of the village of Neustadt on the southern edge of the Harz mountains. This disaster lead to the final Karotechia operation of the war: 'Aktion Götterdämmerung', the attempt by the Karotechia to re-enact the Nordhausen disaster without aborting the sequence to summon Azathoth. 'Aktion Götterdämmerung', however, failed. Azathoth is the god of magic, arcane knowledge, balance, and foresight. © Copyright Peter Crawford 2014He is known as the 'Uncaring', the 'Lord of All Magic', and the 'Archmage of the Deities'. All times and places are open to him, and he has visited many alternate realities and planes unknown to the wisest of sages, places even the Elder Evils avoid. His symbol is an eye in a pentagram or the arcane triad; usually this is worn as an amulet. Azathoth is usually portrayed as a middle aged man with white hair who wears purple robes decorated with golden runes. He is described as carrying the very first staff of the magi with him at all times. In addition, he knows every spell ever created and can travel to any time and dimension. © Copyright Peter Crawford 2016 He is the possessor of the only magical library that contains a copy of every potion, spell, and magic item in existence. Azathoth is honored with magical research and experimentation, with the burning of incense, the reading from books of arcane lore. Each creation of a new spell or magic item is celebrated (usually once a year, in the holiday known as Great Discovery). High-level followers of Azathoth make pilgrimages to other planes of existence. Prayers to Azathoth utilize florid and elaborate language, signifying great erudition, labored formality, and a robust vocabulary. Raumflug and Aliens After a crashed spacecraft was discovered in the Black Forest (Schwarzwald), near Freiburg in 1936, the Occult Corps built the Institute for Science and Mysticism (Das Institut für Wissenschaft und Mystizismus), also known as "Walhalla" which was designated an 'X Lab, to examine the wreck. In fact, the Institute’s "X-Labs" acquired so much science and technology far beyond mankind’s current knowledge base that soon various X-Labs were constructed in several other locations throughout Germany as well, including Castle Erlangen, Castle Heidenheim, Castle Höllenhammer, Castle Naudabaum, Castle Nuremburg, Castle Wolfenstein. © Copyright Peter Crawford 2016© Copyright Peter Crawford 2016 The crashed spacecraft was significant bcause the Vril Society, which had been incorprated into the Ahnenerbe believed that Aryans were a creation of the Black Sun - which is a form of Swastika, and had originated close to the Pliades, from a planet orbiting the star الدبران Aldaberan (which translates literally as "the follower" presumably because this bright star appears to follow the Pleiades, or "Seven Sisters" star cluster in the night sky). The upshot of this belief was that the Aryans were originally aliens. And this information came from Maria Orsitsch (see right), in cooperation with the occultist Baron Rudolf von Sebottendorf, the Gurdjeff disciple Karl Haushofer, the engineer and ace pilot Lothar Waiz, Prelate Gernot of the secret "Societas Templi Marcioni" (The Inheritors of the Knights Templar).